When an uncountable noun describes a general concept, do you need to have an article, “a” and “the” in front of it?

Here’s how to decide whether you need to put an article.

You don’t need an article

When you’re talking about a general concept, omit the article.

Example #1
“In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy over a period of time.” – Wikipedia

This sentence simply defines what “inflation” is. It talks about “inflation” as a general concept. It does not need an article.

Example #2
“The besiegers used starvation to induce surrender.” – The Free Dictionary

In this sentence too, “starvation” is a concept, or a collection of symptoms. So it does not need an article. When I say something is a “concept,” I’m not saying it’s not real! Yes, hunger is real and it doesn’t feel good when you’re hungry… but you cannot count “starvation!”

You need the article “the”

You need the article “the” if you’re talking about something specific.

Example #3

“The impact of the inflation of the 1970s and 1980s was hardly even, and this is always the case.” – Forbes

In this sentence, “inflation” is not a general concept. It’s specifically about the inflation of the 1970s and 1980s. That is why it needs the article “the.”

Example #4
“They were charged with the starvation of children in their care.” – The Free Dictionary

In this sentence, “starvation” was experienced by children. It’s describing the children’s suffering. So it needs the article “the.”

When the noun is preceded by another noun, in almost all instances it needs the article “the.”

Example #5
“With the OPEC inflation, those in the oil industry, while facing the same rising prices at the gas pump, grocery store, etc., as everyone else, were actually better off than they had been before because their salaries and profits rose at a higher rate.” – Wikipedia

It’s talking about not just any “inflation,” but the inflation of OPEC. The OPEC inflation. The same rule of article applies here.

You need the article “a” or “an”

In many cases, the article “a” or “an” is used when you qualify or quantify a noun with an adjective.

Example #6
A little inflation encourages you to buy sooner – and that boosts economic growth.” – BBC

In this sentence, we’re not talking about the general concept of inflation. Neither are we talking about the specific inflation of 1970s. We’re talking about the situation in which there is a little inflation. The word “inflation” gets a qualifier “little.” So you need an article “a.”

It’s similar to “a bit of salt” and “a lot of pressure.” You can’t count salt or pressure, but “bit” and “lot of” quantify them.

Get it?

This is not an exhaustive set of rules. There are exceptions but this is generally a good guideline to set you on the right direction.

The best way to internalize these grammar rules is to write a lot. Copy good sentences and write them down in your notebook. Repeat the process until it feels so natural for you to write a sentence like, “In economics, inflation is a sustained increase in the general price level of goods […]” so that you don’t have to think about whether to put the article “an” or “the” in front of the noun “inflation.”

Keep writing English.

일상 영어 회화는 어느 정도 할 수 있는데...

  • 긴 문장으로 있어 보이는 영어를 구사 하고 싶다
  • 머리 속에 번역하지 않고 술술 말하고 싶다
  • 영어로 업무를 멋지게 처리하는 직장인이 되고 싶다
  • 그런 고민이 있으면 Josh와 같이 공부 합시다! 지금 메일 구독하세요!

    스팸하지 않습니다. 언제라도 구독 취소 가능. Powered by ConvertKit

    About Josh

    이 글을 쓴 사람

    52000명의 유튜브 구독자가 인정한 유튜버 영어 강사 Josh Tanaka 일본계 미국인인 Josh는 전에 통번역사와 프로젝트매니저를 했던 경험을 바탕으로 여러분이 보다 스마트한 영어를 할 수 있도록 도와 드리고 있습니다.

    • 뉴욕 출신 일본계 미국인.
    • 현재: 비즈니스 & 프레젠테이션 영어 강사, 원어민 발음 코치, 유튜버.
    • 강의: 서울교육대학교, 파고다, 인천도시공사, 미해군, 김미경 영어 스피치 트레이너.
    • 출연: EBSe, JEI 재능, 메가스터디.
    • 영어, 한국어, 일본어.
    • 좋아하는 음식은 타코스. Read more »
    무료 구독하기 →

    Leave a Comment